Understanding Your Eyes

The eyes are a complex part of the human body, and they are also vulnerable to a lot of potential problems. During our routine exams, we take a close look at the inside of the eye for structural changes that might indicate injury or disease. The earlier these conditions are detected, the more effectively they can be treated. We can also detect whether you have what's known as a refractive eye condition, which exists when your eye has trouble focusing at various distances.

Refractive Conditions

Myopia
Also known as nearsightedness, means that distance vision is blurry and near vision is clear, but it also depends on how much myopia you have.

Hyperopia
Also known as farsightedness, usually causes difficulty with near vision, but it can also cause problems with distance vision, depending on the amount of hyperopia.

Astigmatism
A condition where the image is distorted due to the shape and curvature of the cornea. Mild amounts of astigmatism are usually insignificant, but larger amounts can be very visually disruptive.

Presbyopia
As we age, the natural lens of the eye, our focusing mechanism, loses its ability to focus from far to near objects, causing difficulty focusing and reading.

Eye Disease

Glaucoma
Destroys the optic nerves that relay visual information to the brain.

Macular Degeneration
An age-related problem that progressively robs you of your vision.

Diabetic Retinopathy
A weakening of the retinal blood vessels caused by high blood sugar.

Cataracts
The lenses of your eyes grow opaque and yellowish, causing visual “halos,” blurred vision and poor night/color vision.

Common Eye Conditions

While these symptoms are more common and easily detected, many of them require urgent treatment in order to avoid further complications.

Itchy & Watery

Typically from seasonal eye allergies

Burning, watery & gritty

Common symptoms of dry eye

Eye Infections

Red, painful eyes that produce discharge

Blood-filled eye

Ruptured blood vessels, causing a very red-looking eye that may not even hurt

Light Sensitivity

Sign of inflammation from a corneal infection or internal problem

Sudden Blurred Vision

A corneal, retinal or neurological issue may be the cause

Floaters

Sometimes described as “gnats” floating around in your vision

Flashes of Light

Usually a retinal issue, such as a retinal tear, hole or detachment

Headaches

Persistent headaches in the front of your forehead from eyestrain or difficulty focusing

Tips for Healthy Eyes

The eyes serve as a window into your overall health, providing valuable insight and revealing potential health concerns. We recommend the following tips to maintain the health of your eyes:
  • Get an annual eye exam
  • Routine care with your family doctor
  • Know your family health and eye history
  • Eat a balanced diet
  • Maintain a healthy weight
  • Quit smoking
  • Protect your eyes from UV rays
  • Wear protective eyewear
  • Wash your hands frequently
  • Rest your eyes
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